New Delhi, Oct23: In a recent study, it has been found that even if a person is 20 per cent less fit than the average population, he/she is sufficient to prevent risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, obesity that affect people with heart disease.
The study further said that physical inactivity along with risk factors like depression, diabetes, dyslipidemia obesity, excess weight, and smoking may lead to heart disease, which is one of the leading causes of death in the world.
"It is common to meet people entering a cardiac rehab centre who are totally out of shape and whose exercise is irregular or non-existent, which has a harmful effect on general and cardiovascular health," said Daniel Curnier, a professor at the University of Montreal, Canada, said in a statement.
To measure the impact of physical fitness on heart disease risk factors, the researchers selected 205 men and 44 women with heart disease, including coronary artery disease, stroke, congestive heart failure, and heart valve disease, and had them undergo a cycle ergometer (stationary bike) stress test to determine their fitness level.
The results showed that normal physical fitness, even up to 20 per cent below the population average, is sufficient to have a preventive effect on five of the eight risk factors affecting people with cardiovascular disease--abdominal circumference, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and excess weight.